The smart city is primarily a concept, and there is still not a clear and from other cities as well as compare their city against other cities. 3. 2. PDF | A “smart city” is generally meant as a technologically advanced cities, capable of joining “competitiveness” and “sustainability”. PDF | Debates about the future of urban development in many Western polemic against some of the more rhetorical aspects of smart cities.
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Adam Greenfield (Author), Nurri Kim (Illustrator) smart city adam greenfield technology urban citizens idea language perspective sort based marketing projects ways changes concept designed living. Even before finishing reading the book, I could notice changes in the ways people. Against the smart city book. Read 13 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. From the smartphones in our pockets and the cameras on the l. In 'Against the smart city', networks expert and urbanist Adam Greenfield cuts into the vision of the smart city, and has some choice words for its.
No open source or free software here! However, the alternative was limited to a more citizen-centric notion of governance through use of technology like smart-phones; he didn't really raise any question on the use of technology itself in urban governance. The smart city as we see it instantiated in places like Songdo may well have died aborning. Colin Ellard rated it it was amazing Dec 11, Get A Copy. The last part of the pamphlet, where Greenfield moves from a reading of specific texts to a broader identification of the historical context and overarching concept of the mechanistic city, contains some fine passages of disapprobation. We do not live urban informatic lives divorced from the physicality of the city and ourselves; instead that other "smart" technology, the smartphones, has smushed physicality and data-presence together by its ubiquity and regular reporting of data to the network.
No open source or free software here!
Most of what people might do with and for each other is to the greatest extent possible monetized and commodified, to be packaged and sold to the residents clients of the new towns.
Most technical people show more humility when it comes to their own work, realizing as they must that things fail more often than anyone expects, and the human errors embedded in sophisticated technical systems frequently undermine their optimal functioning. But the assumption that human life should be subjected to a standard of technical efficiency is the root of the problem.
The persistence of the idea that a polity is something that can and ought to be managed like either a technical system or a commercial enterprise is hard to explain.
Flawed at its very root, it betrays, at best, a shallow understanding of the mechanisms by way of which a city learns, diagnoses and repairs itself, utterly failing to account for the qualities which underlie love of place. A city whose interwoven processes actually were "regulated and controlled" as anticipated in this literature — where all the key performance indicators of superficial function were perpetually maintained within some nominal interval by computational oversight and not one thing allowed to interrupt the drive toward total efficiency — would not be a terribly healthy or a pleasant place to live.
The reality of city life, self-evident to anyone on casual reflection, is that it is a place that depends on countless interactions that go unmeasured and unremunerated. Our lives are based on profound and widespread cooperation and mutual aid, most of which we take for granted.
None of these normal activities that go on all day between people in cities is accounted for in the gee-whiz techno-utopianism of the Smart City propagandists. The presence in a city of technologies of ubiquitous data capture…is likely to suppress or displace activities…such [as]…provisions for housing and self-care, and community arbitration and dispute-resolution processes generally grouped under the anodyne label of "the informal sector.
They are critical to more recognized economic and social processes, even in what we are pleased to think of as the developed world.
Having gone through the absurd claims and embedded ideologies of Smart Cities propagandists in such detail, Greenfield comes to the wrap up and has to face the real question put forward by his work. The smart city as we see it instantiated in places like Songdo may well have died aborning. Yet so much of what was intended for it has already passed unexamined into the assumptions enterprises like IBM and Cisco and Siemens make when they propose informatic systems for other, realer cities.
At the launch of any new corporate smart-city initiative, content promoting it and aligning it with the enterprise's overarching brand proposition is generated by the marketing department, and released into the wild on the global website, where it will be indexed by Google in less than a minute.
This initiative almost immediately comes to the attention of the planet's several thousand technology bloggers, writing for outlets of various provenance, who generally have automated keyword searches set up to notify them whenever an item of interest is published.
Because these bloggers are simultaneously under intense contractual pressure to post several times a day, are by definition enthusiastic about technology and are, by and large, unschooled in the arts of skeptical reportage, they tend to take the claims they are offered at face value. This is true of bloggers writing for the Guardian or the New York Times every bit as much as it is of their less well-positioned peers.
In a manner of minutes, talking points from the original press release are paraphrased in the blogger's idiom of choice and bundled into a new post, and this may happen across dozens of competing sites in a very brief span of time. Links to these posts are, in turn, instantaneously produced by automated Twitter accounts, endlessly replicated both on Twitter itself and via other social-media channels linked to it through its API; these in turn spur a wave of response from a far larger number of people around the world who are equally excited at the prospect of living in the future, and within a few hours at most a rich loam of online commentary has been laid down.
Very little of this commentary evaluates what is being claimed in any depth, or even compares the item at hand to previous assertions made by the same institution, but the volume of buzz is impressive. And due in no small part to the way Google itself works, this distributed colloquy creates an immediate impression that there is a there there.
Over the space of a few hours, a framing or perspective originating in a deeply interested party has simply become an unquestioned part of the fabric of consensual knowledge. What happens on the receiving end, inside the municipal bodies that constitute the primary presumptive audience for such a marketing campaign? It's a critique of the smart city concept and the marketing apparatus behind it coming from big telcos, pundits and municipalities.
It's well researched. Jan 27, Ian Bellomy rated it really liked it Shelves: Poignant critique of modernest tendencies in the rhetoric of smart cities. Oct 12, Steven rated it really liked it. An excellent takedown of the vision of the 'smart city,' devastating and precise in its language.
Tony rated it did not like it Jul 12, Scott Sullivan rated it it was amazing Apr 06, Petar rated it really liked it May 24, Mark Dudlik rated it liked it Aug 27, Oct 29, Dave Emmett rated it it was amazing Recommends it for: A great look behind the rhetoric of the Smart City. Lei Wang rated it liked it Jul 01, Eduardo de Oliveira Castro rated it liked it Sep 24, Min Jae rated it it was amazing Nov 17, Brady Dale rated it it was ok Oct 28, Seth Thomas rated it it was amazing Oct 04, Mita Williams rated it really liked it Nov 21, Dan Farrelly rated it really liked it Apr 22, Will rated it really liked it Mar 06, Bjoern Hartmann rated it it was amazing Jul 05, Amy rated it liked it Nov 11, Colin Ellard rated it it was amazing Dec 11, Flavia Lacerda rated it really liked it Jan 08, Ramin rated it it was amazing Feb 15, There are no discussion topics on this book yet.
Readers Also Enjoyed. About Adam Greenfield. Adam Greenfield.
Books by Adam Greenfield. Trivia About Against the smart No trivia or quizzes yet. Quotes from Against the smart These projects are not in an advanced state, and it is arguable whether they will look much like the advertising and promotional materials when they are completed.
Greenfield finds worth in these materials, however - and specifically finds a series of precepts, implicit or explicit, about the conception of the smart city that are more or less consistent across all three, differing primarily in degree. If I read this right, the thrust is that the individual, not the metropolis, must be the atomic unit of urban data, and smartness resides in the unique systems of a city, which are formed by accommodations and alterations made in response to the unique circumstances of that city and its citizens.
This is important because the products offering these potentia are not themselves interchangeable.
At one point, the pamphlet relates, the Portuguese project talked of introducing its own social network purely for the city, despite the fact that third parties such as Twitter, Facebook and Foursquare are already tied into the social systems of those rubbing physical elbows in the city, not to mention services elsewhere in the urban navigation stack such as Yelp.
Greenfield homes in with a hunter's eye on what he sees as wooliness or hubris - and, given that this is essentially marketing copy, the hunt is not a fruitless one.
Which raises a query: Greenfield's skepticism that these grand projects will actually be completed does not, by his lights, invalidate the close examination of their self-representation. Against the smart city is certainly a focused work - a piece of targeted analysis which does not overstay its welcome.
Not party-political, but infused with a strongly argued mistrust of the bedrock of the doctrine of the top-down, turnkey smart cities. That is, the proposition that a smart enough city - for example one built from scratch with a single dominant supplier or alliance of suppliers and no existing infrastructure or accreted urban culture to deal with - will provide perfect knowledge of the needs of its citizens and be able to meet them perfectly.