Selenium webdriver tutorial java with examples pdf

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Download and Install Java 8 (you'll need to have Java 8 to use Selenium 3) listed below topics/examples as Basic Selenium WebDriver Tutorials you should Element is not clickable at point SeleniumWebdriverException · Extract PDF text. Tutorial, First Selenium Webdriver Script: JAVA Code Example Tutorial, Customize, PDF & Email TestNG Reports in Selenium WebDriver. Selenium with TESTNG and eclipse IDE- Automation Beginner's guide Selenium IDE/Web driver has becoming a very popular testing tool as it is an open . The below given code is an example of how java classes and functions can be.

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The problem solving guide to Selenium WebDriver in Java. Zhimin Zhan .. All examples in this book are written in Selenium with Java binding. WITH SELENIUM WEBDRIVER. Csapó Péter jinzihao.infote().to(jinzihao.info String) . textToBePresentInElement(WebElement element, jinzihao.info text). Tutorial #28 – Database Testing using Selenium WebDriver Read tutorials, practice examples at your home, and put your queries in . Selenium RC is a tool which is written in java that allows a user to construct test scripts for a web based.

This way you can use object of class and also you can create multiple objects of any class. Manually when you click on link to download file, It will show you dialogue to save file In your local drive as shown In bellow given Image. Adding selection or removing selection from list box are very common actions for list box. You can do same thing using "storeLocation" command in selenium IDE. RunWith annotation will references junit to run test in class and SuiteClasses describes classes included in that test suite.

It will add new class 'mytestclass' under package 'mytestpack'. That's all about configuration of WebDriver with eclipse. Now you are ready to write your test in eclipse and run it in WebDriver. Run First Webdriver Script You need to install webdriver with eclipse to run your script in webdriver. After installation of webdriver, You need to write a java code in eclipse for your test case of software web application.

Let me give you one simple example of creating simple webdriver script. First of all you need to write code as bellow in your 'mytestclass. You can request if you wish this sample code file by submitting comment bellow with your email id.

Then driver. You can do same thing using "storeLocation" command in selenium IDE. So this is the simple webdriver script example. You can create it for your own software web application too by replacing URL in above script. We will learn more scripts in detail in my upcoming posts. As you know, webdriver support Google Chrome browser too. You need to do something extra for launching webdriver test in in Google chrome browser.

Let me describe you steps to launch webdriver test in Google Chrome. Download ChromeDriver server First of all, download latest version of ChromeDriver server for webdriver.

You can download it directly from http: Click on link shown above to download chrome driver zip file. On completion of download, extract zip file to D: Don't forget to select 'public static void main String[] args ' method during new java class creation. Write code as shown bellow in class file. You can request this copy of this code by submitting comment bellow this post.

Look in to above image. I set path for Google chrome driver as System. Downloading and installation Of JUnit with Eclipse How to download and install junit with eclipse step by step. We have already learn how to configure eclipse for webdriver, Creating new project, new package and then adding new class in my one of the previous post.

In that post you can see how to add external jars of webdriver in eclipse. Also you can view how to run your first webdriver test in eclipse for better understanding.

Generally you do not need to install junit with eclipse if you have already added external jar files of webdriver with eclipse. Because required jar file for junit will be already there with webdriver jar files. In that window, go to Libraries tab. Here you will see all your jar files. In jar file tree view, look for the jar file name which is starting with junit. Java build path window.

Selenium Tutorial for Beginners: Learn WebDriver in 7 Days

If this kind of junit jar file is already there then you do not need to install junit jar with eclipse and you are ready to use junit with eclipse. But if junit jar file is not there then you need to add it. Downloading junit jar file Go to http: Here you will find the link like "junit. Click on it will redirect to junit jar file downloading page.

From this page download the latest version of junit jar file. Installing junit jar file with eclipse Go to java build path window as shown in above figure. After adding junit jar file, click on OK button to close java build path window.

Now you are ready to use junit with eclipse for your webdriver test of software application. Click here to view all articles on webdriver. Please note that you need to add junit jar file only if it is not available in webdriver jar file folder. If it is already there with webdriver jar file folder then you not need to do anything to create and run junit test.

Now let me describe you how to create webdriver test case using junit. Webdriver test case creation using junit and eclipse You are already aware about how to create new project and package in eclipse and if you are not aware then please visit this post page. Look at bellow given image to know how to add JUnit Test Case. On Next page, Enter your test case name and click on Finish button. When you add JUnit Test Case, your eclipse project explorer window will looks like bellow given image.

Now replace bellow given code with your original code. Test; import org.

Selenium Tutorial for Beginners: Learn WebDriver in 7 Days

WebDriver; import org. It will show you Run As dialog as shown bellow. Eclipse will run your test case using JUnit and on completion of execution, you can see your result in JUnit pane as bellow. Example - There are 2 junit test cases under your project's package. Now if you wants to run both of them then how will you do it?

Simple and easy solution is creating JUnit test suite. If your project has more than 2 test cases then you can create test suite for all those test cases to run all test cases from one place. Before creating junit test suite, you must have to read my post about "How to download and install junit in eclipse" and "How to create and run junit test in eclipse". Now let me describe you how to create junit test suite in eclipse for your junit test case.

Add required external jar files for selenium webdriver. Test; org. By; org. WebDriver; org. After; org. Before; org. Ignore; org. Now we have 2 test cases junittest1. Now click on Next button.

Tutorial selenium java examples pdf with webdriver

RunWith; import org. SuiteClasses; RunWith Suite. RunWith annotation will references junit to run test in class and SuiteClasses describes classes included in that test suite. Now your junit test suite is created and project structure will looks like bellow. When you run junit test suite, eclipse will run both test cases junittest1 and junittest2 one by one.

When execution completed, you will see bellow given output lines in console. This way we can create junit test suite to run multiple test cases from one place. You must need to insert JUnit annotation inside the java code to execute your test case as junit test case. You can look in my previous post where i have used JUnit Test annotation before test method. Let me describe you mostly used 3 JUnit Annotations with example.

You can view more details on JUnit at http: Before 2. Test 3. After 2 other frequently used annotations are BeforeClass and AfterClass. Depending on annotation names, JUnit framework will decide the code execution flow. First JUnit framework will execute Before method, Second it will execute Test method and at last it will execute After method. Before Annotation As name suggest.

Based on Before annotation, JUnit framework will execute that before method first. Generally method under Before annotation is used to initializing website and other environment related setup. Before annotation method will be executed before each Test annotation method means if there are two Test methods in your class then Before method will be executed two times.

Method under After annotation is known as after method and execution of After method will start as soon as completion of Test method execution completion.

Same as Before , After annotation method will be executed two times if there are two Test methods in your class. Test Method under Test annotation is known as test method. Execution of Test method will start as soon as Before method execution completed.

Generally we are writing all testing related activity under Test. We can use multiple Test methods in single class too. BeforeClass Methods under BeforeClass annotation will be executed before the any test method starts execution. It will be executed only once even if there are multiple Test methods in your class. AfterClass AfterClass method will be run on completion of all the test method's execution from that class.

Same as BeforeClass, AfterClass method will be executed once only. TimeUnit; import import import import import. Now let me describe once more and then we will look at practical example for both of them.

Difference between Before and BeforeClass annotations. Test method marked with Before annotation will be executed before the each Test method. Means if there are 5 Test methods in your class then Before test method will be executed 5 times.

Test method marked with BeforeClass annotation will be executed just before the class. Means BeforeClass method will be executed only once before the class even if there are 5 Test methods in your class. Same as Before annotation, Test method marked with After annotation will be executed after the each Test method.

AfterClass annotation will be executed only once after last Test method executed. Execute bellow given Before and After annotations example in your eclipse and observe result in console. AfterClass; org. BeforeClass; org. Console Output: Browser open junittest2 class-test1 method is executed Browser close Browser open junittest2 class-test2 method is executed Browser close Based on above given console output, we can say each Before method is executed before each Test method and each After method is executed after each Test method.

Now let we replace Before annotation with BeforeClass and After annotation with AfterClass in same example and then observe result. Console result will be as bellow. Browser open junittest2 class-test1 method is executed. Same way AfterClass annotation marked method is also executed once only. See example of my previous post. Ignoring specific test in junit test is very easy.

Ignore annotation We can use JUnit's has inbuilt Ignore annotation before Test method to Ignore that specific webdriver test from execution. Let we apply Ignore annotation practically in our test and then observe its execution result. Test method part which needs to replace is marked with pink color in that example post. JUnit test execution report will looks like bellow.

This way, Junit's Ignore annotation will help us to ignore specific test from execution. Supposing you have written test for one module and you wants to set timeout for your test. Here timeout means allowed maximum time to complete full test. Same way, You are expecting some exception during your webdriver test execution and that exception is acceptable.

If you are using junit framework for your webdriver test then you can do it very easily. Now let me describe how to write timeout test and exception test in junit with examples. It will allow maximum milliseconds to complete the execution of test1 method. After miliseconds, it will skip remaining execution and test1 will be marked with error.

Here my expected exception is null pointer exception so my expected condition is NullPointerException. Browser open junittest2 class-test1 executed before sleep Browser close JUnit test result looks like bellow. Part - 3 We have seen how to configure system and eclipse in configuration part 1 and configuration part 2 posts to generate webdriver test report. Now we have a test case and build. Let me describe you few steps of configuring and running build. Now follow the bellow given build.

Step 1: Verify build. It will open External Tools Configuration dialog as shown bellow. In Main tab, you need to verify that your current project's build. My current project name is "JUnitReport" so it is correct for me.

With pdf selenium tutorial webdriver java examples

If it is of any other project then you need to change it by clicking on Browse Workspace button. If it is not in this order then you can change it by unchecking and checking and the check box or by clicking on order button. So now my target execution order will looks like bellow. It will open Preferences dialog.

It will open Add JRE dialog. Now build file configuration is finished and finally you are ready to run your build. Step 4: Run build. Run from External Tools Configuration dialog as shown. Step 5: View Report When you run build. Part - 2 Webdriver test result generation is very important and essential part of automation testing and for that you need to configure your eclipse accordingly. Before eclipse and ant configuration, you need to configure your system as described in Part - 1.

Now let me describe you the steps of eclipse configuration to generate web driver test execution report using JUnit. Perform bellow given steps. It will open eclipse preference dialog. Now select Classpath at right side. Set junit. Now click on Add External Jars button and select 'junit. Now you need to generate build. To generate it, Right click on your project folder and select Export.

It will open Export dialog as shown in bellow image. Select Ant Buildfiles from export dialog and clicking on Next button will show you all your projects list. On Next dialog, select your current project and click on Finish button as shown bellow.

Look in above image. When you will run build. It will be created automatically in your project folder when you run build. We will learn how to run build.

When you click on Finish button, build. View my Next Post to see how to configure and run build. Part -1 Many people facing issues in JUnit report generation configuration using ant and eclipse.

If every thing is not setup properly then it will give you one or another error and you will be not able to generate JUnit test case execution report for your web driver test case. Let me describe you few system configuration steps in this post and eclipse configuration steps in my next post to generate JUnit test case execution report very easily and without any error.

Download Latest Version of apache-ant zip Download latest version of apache-ant from http: Current latest version is apache-ant Extract zip file and save it in your local drive.

Clicking on Environment variables button will open Environment variable dialog. Here my JDK folder path is 'C: Now restart your system to getting system variables changes effect. Now system configuration is completed for generating webdriver test execution report using JUnit.

Locating an element is essential part in selenium WebDriver because when you wants to take some action on element typing text or clicking on button , first you need to locate that specific element to perform action.

First of all I recommend you to read all these selenium IDE element locating methods and then read this article about Selenium WebDriver element locators to get all locating methods in better way. WebDriver which is also known as a Selenium 2 has many different ways of locating element. Let me explain each of them with examples. Look in to bellow given image. You can verify that your webelement has any id or not using the firebug.

I can use that id to locate button as bellow. Bellow given example will show you how to locate element by id and then how to click on it. Copy bellow given Test method part and replace it with the Test method part of example given on this page.

Test method is marked with pink color in that example. Locating Element By Name is very useful method and many peoples are using this method in their webdriver automation test case preparation.

Let me show you one example of how to locate element by name and then we will use it in our webdriver test case. Look in to above image, web element 'First Name' input box do not have any ID so webdriver can not locate it By ID but that element contains name attribute. So webdriver can locate it By Name attribute. Syntax of locating element in webdriver is as bellow. In webdriver, we can't do any thing on web page if you don't know how to locate an element. As you know, we can use element's ID to locate that specific element but suppose if your element do not have any ID then how.

Locating web element by className is good alternative if your element contains class name. How to get the class name of element You can get the class name of element using firebug as shown in bellow given image. Post date content has a class and we can use that class name to store that blog post date string. Notice one more thing in above image, blog post date string has not any ID so we can not locate it by ID.

TimeUnit; import import import import import import import. WebElement; org. Let me repeat once more that if element contains ID then we can locate element by its ID and if element do not have ID and contains Class Name then we can locate an element by Class Name.

Locating Element By Tag Name is not too much popular because in most of cases, we will have other alternatives of element locators. But yes if there is not any alternative then you can use element's DOM Tag Name to locate that element in webdriver. You can view all tutorials of webdriver element locators Look in to above image. That select box drop down do not have any ID or Class Name. Now if we wants to locate that element then we can use it's DOM tag name 'select' to locate that element.

Element locator sysntex will be as bellow. We will look. Now let we learn two more element locators as bellow.

Locate Element By Link Text If your targeted element is link text then you can use by link text element locator to locate that element. In that case we need to use By. Look in to bellow given example. I have used both the element locators to locate links. If you not want to use by id, name, tag name, class name or link text as your locator then you can locate that element by it's CSS path.

Read this tutorial to learn different ways of writing CSS path of any element. You can get CSS path of any element by Firebug too. Now let we learn how we can use By.

Here we can locate input box First name using bellow given webdriver syntax. Bellow given example will locate input box by CSS Selector to type text in it.

It is most popular and best way to locate element in WebDriver. However you can use other ways too to locate element. You can write Xpath of any element by many different ways as described in This Post.

Above given image shows the firebug view of First name text box. Now let me give you few examples of how to write syntax to locate it in webdriver using xPath in 2 different ways. We can use anyone from above to locate that specific element. Let we use it in practical example as bellow.

Selenium css locators tutorial with example As you know, Locators in selenium are main elements and CSS Locator is another alternative of Xpath element locator, ID or Name locator or any other element locators in selenium. Click here to read more about CSS. There are few advantages and also few disadvantages of using CSS element locators at place of Xpath element locators in selenium.

Also CSS locators are little faster compared to Xpath locators in other browsers. Need good working examples on selenium IDE? Visit this link for great tutorials on selenium IDE. Now let me come to our main point - How to write CSS locator syntax manually for selenium. I have derived couple of CSS locator syntax with example as bellow.

I written CSS locator syntax for three elements Search text box, Select language drop down and "Go" button of wikipedia website home page as shown in bellow image.

CSS locator Examples 1. All three CSS path examples given above will locate Search text box. This syntax will locate Search text box. This syntax will locate Search button go. We have also learn different methods of locating elements in webdriver.

All these things are very basic things and you need to learn all of them before starting your test case creation in selenium 2. Now we are ready to learn next step of performing basic actions in web driver with java for your software web application. We can perform too many command operations in webdriver and will look about them one by one in near future. Right now I am describing you few of them for your kind information.

Clicking on any element or button of webpage. Typing text in text box or text area. Applying Implicit wait in webdriver driver. Applying Explicit wait in webdriver with WebDriver canned conditions. Get page title in selenium webdriver driver. Selecting or Deselecting value from drop down in selenium webdriver.

It will capture page screenshot and store it in your D: Get All Window Handles. Extract parent and child window handle from all window handles. Use window handle to switch from one window to other window.

You can use it for any input element. Submit method to submit form driver. To dismiss confirmation. Handling Javascript Alerts, Confirmations And Prompts Alerts, Confirmation and Prompts are very commonly used elements of any webpage and you must know how to handle all these popups In selenium webdriver.

If you know, Selenium IDE has many commands to handle alerts, confirmations and prompt popups like assertAlert, assertConfirmation, storeAlert, verifyAlertPresent, etc.. First of all, Let me show you all three different popup types to remove confusion from your mind and then we will see how to handle them In selenium webdriver. Alert Popup Generally alert message popup display with alert text and Ok button as shown In bellow given Image.

Confirmation Popup Confirmation popup displays with confirmation text, Ok and Cancel button as shown In bellow given Image. Selenium webdriver has Its own Alert Interface to handle all above different popups. Alert Interface has different methods like accept , dismiss , getText , sendKeys java. String keysToSend and we can use all these methods to perform different actions on popups.

Bellow given example will perform different actions Like click on Ok button, Click on cancel button, retrieve alert text, type text In prompt text box etc.. Run bellow given example In eclipse with testng and observe the result. Alert; org. FirefoxDriver; org. AfterTest; org. BeforeTest; org. This kind of alerts not display every time but they are displaying only some time. Now unexpected alert appears only some times so we can not write direct code to accept or dismiss that alert.

In this kind of situation, we have to handle them specially. To handle this kind of unexpected alerts, You must at least aware about on which action such unexpected alert Is generated.

Sometimes, They are generated during page load and sometime they are generated when you perform some action. So first of all we have to note down the action where such unexpected alert Is generated and then we can check for alert after performing that action. We need to use try catch block for checking such unexpected alters because If we will use direct code without try catch to accept or dismiss alert and If alert not appears then our test case will fail.

I have one example where alert Is displaying when loading page. So we can check for alert Inside try catch block after page load as shown In bellow given example. After loading page, It will check for alert.

If alert Is there on the page then It will dismiss It else It will go to catch block and print message as shown In bellow given example. TimeUnit; import import import import import import. It Is just explaining the way of using try catch block to handle unexpected alert. You can use such try catch block In that area where you are facing unexpected alerts very frequently.

As you know, we can use element's ID to locate that specific element but suppose if your element do not have any ID then how will you locate that element? Supposing you are testing one site where you have to prepare Login form submission test case In selenium webdriver then how will you do It?

If you will see In that example post, we have used. Selenium Webdriver has one special method to submit any form and that method name Is submit. When to use. In this case,. Final Notes: Now let us take a look at very simple example where I have used. In bellow given example, I have not used. Run bellow give example In eclipse with testng and verify the result.

So this way we can use webdriver's submit method to submit any form. You can try different form for your better understanding. Element locator sysntex will. However Implicit wait is more practical than explicit wait in WebDriver.

But in some special cases where implicit wait is not able to handle your scenario then in that case you need to use explicit waits in your test cases. You can view different posts on explicit waits where I have described WebDriver's different Canned Expected conditions with examples.

Selenium Webdriver Tutorials

If you have a scenario where you need to wait for title then you can use titleContains java. String title with webdriver wait. You need to provide some part of your expected software web application page title with this condition as bellow. MyTest" ; In above syntax, ": MyTest" is my web page's expected title and 15 seconds is max waiting time to appear title on web page. If title will not appears within 15 seconds due to the any reason then your test case will fails with timeout error.

First run bellow given test case in your eclipse and then try same test case for your own software application. Copy bellow given Test method part of wait for title example and replace it with the Test method part of example given on this page. Test method is marked with pink color in that linked page. During page navigation, webdriver will wait for expected page title. Interface JavascriptExecutor helps you to execute javascript in your test case whenever required. Let me you one example of executing javascript in selenium WebDriver.

Sometimes in your test case, you needs to store your software web application page title to compare it with expected page title. In selenium IDE, we can use "storeTitle" command to store it in variable. In webdriver ,we can do it directly using driver. But if you wants to do it using javascript then how will you do it? Get page title using javascript in selenium webdriver Copy bellow given Test method part of get page title using javascript example and replace it with the Test method part of example given on this page.

Test method is marked with pink color in that linked. Then Next statement will print it in the console. You can use that variable value to compare with your expected page title if required. Last 2 syntax will get current page URLs and Print it in console. You can do it using WebDriver basic operation command driver. This method we have seen in my Previous Post. Main purpose of this post is to explore how to get domain name in webdriver. So if you wants to store application's domain name then you need to use JavascriptExecutor in your test case.

Look here, software application's domain name is different than the current page URL. If my current page URL blog.

Let me provide you simple example of how to get current page URL using driver. Last 3 syntax will get domain name using javascript and will print it in console. Java Script Executor is very helpful interface of selenium webdriver because using it we can execute any java script. I think manual alert generation in webdriver test is required only in rare case but main purpose of this post is to explore Java Script Executor.

If you remember, we can generate alert in selenium IDE too using "runScript" command. Now let me describe you how to generate alert in selenium webdriver if required during test case execution of your software web application.

Example 3: You can your own alert text in it. Try it in your own software application test if required. There are two more alternatives to select option value from drop down or list box in selenium webdriver. Selecting Option By Value and 2. Selecting Option By Index. You can use any one from these three to select value from list box of your software web application page.

If you know, we can use "select" command or "addSelection" command in selenium IDE to select option from list box. First of all let me show you difference between visible text, value and index of list box option. Bellow given image will show you clear difference between value, visible text and index. Try to use it in different applications. As you know, Drop down is also essential element of any software web application page.

If you know, In selenium IDE we can select value from drop down list using "select" or "addSelection" command. Now let me give you example of how to select value from drop down list in webdriver. In bellow given example, First imported webdriver package "org. Select" to get support of webdriver class "Select".

Select; Now we can use "Select" class to identify drop down from web page by writing bellow given syntax. TimeUnit; import import import import import import import import import import import. JavascriptExecutor; org. ExpectedConditions; org. Select; org. Same thing we can do for list box to select option from list box by visible text. One of them is implicit wait and another one is explicit wait. Both Implicit wait and explicit wait are useful for waiting in WebDriver. Using waits, we are telling WebDriver to wait for a certain amount of time before going to next step.

We will see about explicit wait in my upcoming posts. In this post let me tell you why and how to use implicit wait in webdriver. Why Need Implicit Wait In WebDriver As you knows sometimes, some elements takes some time to appear on page when browser is loading the page. In this case, sometime your webdriver test will fail if you have not applied Implicit wait in your test case. If implicit wait is applied in your test case then webdriver will wait for specified amount of time if targeted element not appears on page.

As you know, we can Set default timeout or use "setTimeout" command in selenium IDE which is same as implicit wait in webdriver.

If you write implicit wait statement in you webdriver script then it will be applied automatically to all elements of your test case. I am suggesting you to use Implicit wait in your all test script of software web application with 10 to 15 seconds. In webdriver, Implicit wait statement is as bellow.

Le we look at simple exemple to understand implicit wait better. So in this case webdriver will wait for 15 to locate that element on page because we have written implicit wait statement in our code. How to apply wait in webdriver till element becomes invisible or hidden As you know, WebDriver is software web application regression testing tool and you will face many problems during your webdriver test case creation and execution.

You must knows alternate solution if one not works for your test scenario. Now let we look at opposite side.

If you wants webdriver to wait till element becomes invisible or hidden from page then we can use invisibilityOfElementLocated By locator method with wait condition. Syntax for wait till element invisible from page is as bellow. Practical example of webdriver wait till element becomes invisible is as bellow. Selenium WebDriver: Verify Element Present In Selenium WebDriver Some times you need to verify the presence of element before taking some action on software web application page.

As you know, Selenium IDE has many built in commands to perform different types of actions on your software web application page. Web driver have not any built in method or interface by which we can verify presence of element on the page.

Yes we can do it very easily in WebDriver too using bellow given syntax. Above syntax will return true if element is present on page. Else it will return false. You can put if condition to take action based on presence of element. Bellow given example will check the presence of different text box on page. It will print message in console based on presence of element. All these three posts will describe you different alternative ways of selecting options from list box or drop down. Now let me take you one step ahead to describe you the use of deselectAll and isMultiple methods in selenium webdriver.

It will works with multiple select box when you need to remove all selections. Syntax for deselectAll method is as bellow. It will return boolean true or false value. We can use it with if condition before working with select box. Syntax is as bellow. Used listbox. WebDriver has 3 alternate options to select or deselect value from list box. It is very important to learn all three methods of selecting or deselecting option from list box because if one is not possible to implement in your test then you must be aware about alternate option.

Now let me describe you all three deselect methods to deselect specific option from list box. Do you remember that we can use "removeSelection" command to deselect option from list box? Deselect By Value You can also deselect option from list box by value. Let me tell you one thing that comparison of different data types compare two strings, compare two Integers, etc..

Is pure java concept and It has not any relation with selenium webdriver. My main Intention Is to show you that how to handle rest of test execution based on execution result and how to mark your test fail In webdriver test report without any Interruption In execution.

Let me try to describe you how to compare two double values with example. As explained In my previous post, If you are retrieving value from web page then It will be always In string format because webdriver's.

So my first task Is to convert It from string to double using bellow given syntax. Latter on I will use this function whenever required In my test.

Main work of this function Is to accept two double values then compare them and return true or false based on comparison result. See bellow given example. Assert; import org. So test will be marked as fail. You can use hard assertion too Inside compareDoubleVals function to stop your test on assertion failure. Same way, Many times you need to compare two Integer values.

And based on comparison result, You can perform your next step of test execution. You can also stop or continue your test execution on assertion failure by using soft or hard TestNG assertions. In this post, we will see how to compare two Integer values using common function.

Main Intention of creating this kind of common functions Is to minimize your code size. You have to create It only once and then you can call It again and again whenever required In your test. And for that, You have to create common class which should be accessible from all the test classes. If you are retrieving text which Is Integer value from web page using webdriver's. When you will use selenium webdriver to automate real world applications, Many times you have to compare two strings like page title, product name or any other string.

And based on comparison result you have to take specific action. Simple example of such scenario Is, You are navigating on any view product page to add product In to basket.

But before adding product In basket, You wants to verify product's name to check It Is correct product or not. Many time you have to compare strings In automating any single application. So What you will do? You will write same code multiple time In your different scripts? General way Which I am using Is to create common method In base class Which Is accessible from all test classes to compare two strings. Then we can call that method by passing actual and expected string to compare strings whenever required In out tests.

Let me explain you how to do It. Create CommonFunctions Class In your package which can be accessible by any other class. Create method compareStrings which can accept two string values. Now we can call compareStrings method In our test class whenever required as shown In bellow given example.

Now you can call compareStrings method any time to compare strings. You just need to provide expected and actual string values.

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You can use hard assertion In your common function catch block at place of soft assertion If you wants to stop test on failure. See bellow. If you will use bellow given syntax In catch block then It will stop test execution on failure.

Consider the table shown In bellow given Image. In this table, Row number 1, 2 and 4 has 3 cells, Row number 3 has 2 Cells and Row 5 has 1 cell. In this case, You need to do some extra code to handle these dynamic cells of different rows. To do It, You need to find out the number of cells of that specific row before retrieving data from It. Bellow given example will first locate the row and then It will calculate the cells from that row and then based on number of cells, It will retrieve cell data Information.

Run bellow given example In your eclipse with testng which Is designed for above given dynamic web table. List; import java. Before learning about how to handle ajax auto suggest drop list In selenium webdriver, Let me tell you what Is ajax auto suggest drop list. If you have visited any site with search box and that search box Is showing auto suggest list when you type some thing Inside It.

Simplest example of ajax auto suggest drop list Id Google search suggestion.

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When you will type something Inside It, It will show you a list of suggestions as shown In bellow given Image. This Is only example for your reference. You will find this kind of ajax drop lists In many sites. How to handle ajax drop list In selenium WebDriver Now supposing you wants to select some value from that auto suggest list or you wants to store and print all those suggestions then how will you do It?.

Let we try to print all those suggestions In console. Here, Xpath pattern Is same for all ajax auto suggest drop list Items. See bellow xpath of 1st two Items of drop list. Other one thing we need to consider Is we don't know how many Items It will show In ajax drop list. Some keywords show you 4 Items and some other will show you more than 4 Items In drop list.

In bellow given example, we have used testng DataProvider annotation. If you know, DataProvider annotation Is useful for data driven testing. Run bellow given example In your eclipse with testng and see how It Is retrieving values from ajax drop list and print them In console. DataProvider; org. It Is very simple In selenium webdriver. You can use other or more search values In above example.

To do It simply modify DataProvider annotation method. Above example will simply submit the form and retrieve submission alert to print. Many times you need to extract your web table data to compare and verify as per your test case. Now let me come to our current discussion point about how to read values from table. Before reading values from web table, You must know there are how many rows and how many columns In your table. Let we try to get number of rows and columns from table. Look at the firebug view of above HTML table.

To get row count for above given example table, we can use webdriver statement like bellow. So for getting number of columns, we can use syntax like bellow. One more thing you require to read data from table Is generating Xpath for each cell of column. Look at bellow given xpath syntax of 1st cell's 1st and 2nd rows. Only changing Is row number Inside tr node. Same way, look at bellow given xpath syntax of 1st and 2nd cells of 1st row.

Highlighted string Is common for both cell's xpath. Only changing Is column number Inside td node. Simply run It In your eclipse using testng and observe output In console. Extracting All Text Fields From Web Page Sometimes you need to extract specific types of web elements from page like extract all Links to open all of them one by one, extract all text boxes from page to type some text In all of them or In some of them one by one.

Now supposing you have a scenario where you needs to extract all text fields from page to send some text In all of them how to do It In selenium WebDriver? WebDriver's In built findelements method will help us to find all text boxes from page. In bellow given example, I have used findelements method to find and store all those elements In txtfields array list and then used for loop to type some text In all of them. List; import import import import import import import.

Now let me show you how to create Firefox custom profile run time and set Its properties to download any file using selenium webdriver.

It Is tricky way to download file using selenium webdriver. Manually when you click on link to download file, It will show you dialogue to save file In your local drive as shown In bellow given Image. Now selenium webdriver do not have any feature to handle this save file dialogue. But yes, Selenium webdriver has one more very good feature by which you do not need to handle that dialogue and you can download any file very easily.

Before looking at example of downloading file, Let me describe you some thing about file's MIME types. Yes you must know MIME type of file which you wants to download using selenium webdriver. There are many online tools available to know MIME type of any file. Just google with "MIME checker" to find this kind of tools. We have many examples and will keep adding which helps you to learn, practice and became an expert in automation using selenium and prepared to implement a framework for your project.

Selenium is a web Automation tool which can be used to automate web browsers across many browsers and operating systems. If you're not expert in java language or new to it, nothing to worry much, but your progress depends on how comfortable your are with the programming language that you choose. There are many open source editors available in the market. Before starting to write your first test, know more details about selenium - Introduction to selenium And also Why Automation Testing is required?

To start with, first choose one browser from list of the browsers that you want to focus on executing your tests. In the beginning, Selenium 3 version was not fully supported with Mozilla, As Mozilla was changing the internals of Firefox browser to make more stable and secure, and they are improving. If you want to write your tests on Firefox browser using selenium 3, you'll need to have geckodriver, which is an executable similar to the chromedriver and edgedriver.

But note that ' geckodriver ' has to release stable version and they are still pending with few implementations like Actions class. Below are the syntax listed to run selenium;-. If you are using eclipse as your IDE, then here is an example for you - Selenium webdriver using Eclipse. After opening a browser, the very first thing we would like to do is to navigate to a web page.

Which we will do this by calling driver.

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You can also use driver. URL url which is Overloaded version of driver. String url. You can check here for Navigation Methods in Webdriver with Examples And also check for the difference between Webdriver get and Webdriver navigate.

Now its time to check out for different webdriver methods that are available with selenium WebDriver Methods.

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To perform any action on a web page, you will often need to define a locator to query the browser DOM for elements based on the scenario.