± B.C. and besieged Jerusalem even before his ascension, taking several hostages into captivity to. Babylon. 2. Commentary to Daniel - Rev. John Schultz. INTRODUCTION: This commentary is based upon my personal devotional notes and reflections on the Book of Daniel. It is intended to help you better. About Commentary on Daniel - Volume 1 by John Calvin. Commentary on Daniel - Volume 1. Title: jinzihao.info
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VIT. 1,2. COMMENTARIES ON DANIEL. 9 and thus could profitably deliver to others what he had re- ceived. The Prophet then expresses something* peculiar by. Daniel spake and said, I saw in my vision by night, and, behold, the four winds of the heaven strove upon the great sea. Hear. Daniel begins to offer instruction. Chapter 1: This Ain't Judah Anymore Text and translation Shorter translational notes are footnoted. Where a '+' sign appears, fur- ther translational notes.
He therefore accepted his name and got on with serving God in Babylon. War in Heavenly Places Daniel The events of ch. However, some interpreters understand the reference to be to the evening sacrifice and the morning sacrifice, in which case the reference would be to only 1, days. That the number of occurrences of certain keywords e.
Eight years later there was a second deportation in , when Ezekiel was prophesying, followed almost eleven. A critical and exegetical commentary on the book of Daniel. Open Library icon This book has an editable web page on Open Library. The book of Daniel has a special significance in the life of believers, for it is not a.
Part I - Daniel: A Righteous Man in an Unbelieving World. Because of this unique setting, the book of Daniel is packed full of practical. Flag for inappropriate content. Related titles. New World Translation of the New Testament, Jump to Page. Search inside document. Artur Santos. Frank Bertrand. Billy A. Yvette Higgins Ogata.
Timothy Schmoyer. Dieter Leon Thom. Anthony Thomas. Michael Kusi-Appiah. David Day.
Lawrence Garner. Alyza Balce. Bill Chamberlin. Bhekisizwe Musi Sikhosana. Popular in Torah. Temple of the stars. Prince Daniel. Daniel Thevenin. Mark Horochowski.
David Bailey. JR Booker. Pedro Cnt Gz. Ukihana Samurai. Preterist from Latin praeter meaning "past" holds that through use of symbols and allegory, the Revelation deals with events that were fulfilled in John's time and that it was written primarily to provide hope and comfort to the first century church persecuted by Rome.
For example, this view interprets the beasts of Rev 13 as imperial Rome and the imperial priesthood. The preterist view is held by many modern scholars, especially liberals and those who deny that the Revelation predicts specific future events.
Views the Revelation as a symbolic or allegorical prophetic survey of church history from the first century up to the Second Coming of Christ and was the view espoused by most of the "reformers".
This view however has been largely discounted as it does not adequately address the prophesy in the Revelation. The discerning reader needs to be aware that the historicist view is reflected in most of the "older" commentaries many of which are public domain works easily accessible on the internet including the works of John Knox, Martin Luther, John Calvin, John Wesley, Jonathan Edwards, George Whitefield, C. Unless you understand their historicist approach to prophesy, you may become very confused when reading these older "classic" commentaries.
Note that with the exception of Spurgeon, these works are not included in the list of resources. It is also important to realize that many of these "classic" commentaries tend to treat many of the promises to Israel as now having their primary application to the church, and this view is firmly disavowed by this website. An example of a historicist interpretation is the belief that the strong angel of Rev 10 symbolizes the Reformation and that the harlot in Rev 17 represents the Roman Catholic church.
Maintains that Revelation is not predictive prophecy, but a symbolic portrait of the cosmic conflict between the forces of good and evil. In this view the Revelation becomes merely a collection of stories designed to teach spiritual truth.
Some refer to this method of interpretation as " Spiritual ". Interprets Revelation as predictive of future end time historical events preceding, during and after the return of Jesus Christ, the establishment of His year, millennial kingdom on earth, followed by the creation of a new heaven and new earth.
Variations of this view were held by the earliest expositors, such as Justin Martyr d. This futurist approach has enjoyed a revival since the 19th century and is widely held among evangelicals today. Note that as best I can discern, most of the resources listed below interpret the book of Daniel using a literal "futuristic" approach.
The interpretative approach taken by this website regarding Revelation and the prophetic sections of the book of Daniel is that these passages describe literal people, places and events that will be fulfilled in the future. As someone has well said "If the plain sense makes good sense seek no other sense lest it result in nonsense. Daniel is one of the great Old Testament prophets, and these prophecies have a great deal to say about things yet to come. Daniel is profitable for the Christian because it describes life in Babylon during the dark days of the captivity of the Jews, in fulfillment of the prophecies God had given this wayward people.
Finally, Daniel is a most profitable book because it describes the life of a very godly man, living in an ungodly world. The wide divergence of interpretative views in the realm of Scripture prophecy makes it imperative that the discerning reader be a "true blue" Berean Acts The Prophecies in Daniel and the Revelation of Jesus Christ were written to edify, equip, encourage and bless the saints, not to hopelessly confuse or divide them.
That said, there are 3 sites that usually come up on a Google search of "best commentaries" so let's briefly "review" the "review sites: You will note for example that the top two commentaries are both amilennial and as Rosscup's critique says both are somewhat "fuzzy" my words in regard to their interpretation of eschatological or prophetic passages, which would seem to me to be a serious deficiency in a commentary on a book in which 8 of the 12 chapters have some of the most incredible prophetic texts in all of Scripture!
The take away is that the reader needs to be very discerning in any list of " best commentaries " lest he or she be misled as to the true interpretation.
The best defense against this trap as mentioned above is to first do your own inductive Bible study of the text under the tutelage of the Holy Spirit and then you will in fact be able to comment on the commentaries!
Please do not misunderstand - I highly value the academic expertise of the commentaries written by those who are authorities in their field, but ultimately we must be like the ancient Berean followers of Christ " examining literally " sifted up and down "!
In summary, if you believe that the safest approach to interpretation of the Bible is literal, then suffice it to say you will likely be disappointed by the majority of the offerings of "best commentaries on Daniel. Hopefully, the list below will give some guidance. Remember that although the language of a text may be figurative or metaphorical, in the final analysis God always intends it to have a literal meaning.
He also has an interesting discussion on. The first group of resources below accepts Daniel 9: The works in this first group seek the normal, literal interpretation and would in general be classified as "futurists" and millennialists. Campbell taught Bible exposition at Dallas Seminary for many years. He illustrates vividly and gears the work for lay people. He defends the premillennial view and presents several arguments to show that it is superior.
It is a penetrating work and very valuable to have. In an appendix, he gives seven arguments in support of his view that the new heavens and new earth will come at the beginning of the millennium and not at the end. Many will disagree that the Bible supports this idea.. A light, cursory exposition is along popular and premillennial lines, using a lot of long quotes and doing little more than outline prophetical matters.
But it has some good principles for application. For the most part, one would derive more benefit from various works that offer so much more than the appeal of packaging.
Miller provides a careful premillennial, dispensational explanation on details, such as on Dan. His introduction upholds Daniel in the sixth century B. In the commentary, he offers competent light on many problems, and shows he is aware of views, often giving copious reasons for his own.
He describes what the fiery furnace looked like , and has good discussions on such details as the Son of Man 7: His dispensational interpretations are fairly standard. The second group listed below accepts Daniel 9: Most of these works interpret Daniel's 70th week as literally following the 69th week and interpret the he in Daniel 9: Basically most of these writers also do not accept the year reign of Messiah on earth i.
Baldwin is also helpful in referring at times back and forth from liberal to conservative views cf. One is disappointed in what she does or fails to do with some texts, such as Da Da 7: A dispensational survey, documenting his use of scholarly literature and mingling exegesis and devotional elements. The reader will find much judicious comment with spiritual perception on the character of Daniel.
The prophetical view Calvin advocates is amillennial, so one will see how he explains and defends that perspective on such passages as Daniel 2, 7, 9, 11, and A Westmont College professor posits sixth century B.
Longman seeks to resolve alleged inaccuracies as in Da 1: Many principles help readers in application, but too often the comments on prophecy mislead or leave uncertainty, not help one have a sound view. It reveals the vital points at which he attacks dispensationalism. The commentary is very good in its verse by verse exegesis but is weak in eschatology, as shown by his treatment of Daniel 9: He fastens upon the dispensational teaching that the kingdom of the future will be a thousand years, then argues from chapter 2 that the kingdom has to be eternal.
Actually, dispensationalists are misrepresented here, for they believe in both. It is indeed a sad paradox that in a clearly prophetic book like Daniel, the writer of a commentary on Daniel would be assessed as "weak in eschatology. So what is the upshot? This last group does not believe Daniel 9: This group generally argues that Daniel was written in the second century late date after all the historical events prophesied had come to pass and thus they conclude that the entire book represents the author's not the original Daniel interpretation of past history.
In general the commentators this non-Christological group attempts to find fulfillment of the Daniel's 70 Weeks in the events leading up to the persecution of Antiochus Epiphanes. In B. This act precipitated the Maccabean revolt which Antiochus attempted unsuccessfully to put down with great cruelty B. Acts Examine every commentary including the notes you are now reading! The only way you will personally be able to achieve this goal is to learn to study the Scriptures inductively Click introduction to inductive Bible study.
Solid food as prepared by careful inductive study is for the mature, who because of practice have their senses trained to discern good and evil see Hebrews 5: It has excellent footnote details, many word studies, and a long, learned discussion on introductory matters that is quite informative for many.
Goldingay favors a second century date and sees much fulfillment of prophecy in Maccabean times; it is history written after things happen. He feels the author stretches history at times, and favors saying that the fourth empire in Daniel 7 is an elephant. Often numbers are symbolical.
The work has much to offer on literature and views in many cases but is not of reliable value in handling prophecy, in the minds of premillennialists. This is a detailed study of the text from a critical standpoint, and is, in this regard, very helpful to the serious student who is dealing with problems.
Often the work is in a dense fog on prophetical positions, fostering confusion. The series purports to have experts in their field write in a form that will appeal to the general public. Russell dates Daniel ca. These have been answered well in favor of a 6th century date by such men as Edwin Yamauchi, Greece and Babylon. Yet there is much elucidation from careful scholarship even for evangelicals whose studies lead them to different conclusions.
Russell in typical liberal fashion sees the parts of the image as depicting Neo-Babylon, Media, Persia and Greece. His hopes were not realized, for the kingdom did not come literally in the way he expected in his day p. Yet Russell does believe in the New Testament hope of the kingdom at the end of history. On The work is helpful if one wants to see how a liberal mind deals with what is said.
Before you "go to the commentaries" go to the Scriptures and study them inductively Click 3 part overview of how to do Inductive Bible Study in dependence on your Teacher, the Holy Spirit, Who Jesus promised would guide us into all the truth John Remember that Scripture is always the best commentary on Scripture. Therefore the inclusion of specific links does not indicate that we agree with every comment.
We have made a sincere effort to select only the most conservative, " bibliocentric " commentaries. Should you discover some commentary or sermon you feel may not be orthodox, please email your concern. I have removed several links in response to concerns by discerning readers. I recommend that your priority be a steady intake of solid Biblical food so that with practice you will have your spiritual senses trained to discern good from evil Heb 5: Chronological Treatise And Tables 2.
A Retrospect And A Reply. The Setting Family Tree: Judah Humbled, Daniel Exalted: The Fellowship of the Unashamed Lecture 3 Kay: Psalm Lecture 4 Kay: Lecture 4 Barber: Will You Bow or Burn?
God Humbles Nebuchadnezzar Chart: Psalm 83 Lecture 6 Barber: The Truth About Our Circumstances The Testimony of a Broken King: Lesson Seven Handwriting on the Wall Chart: Nebuchadnezzar's Family Tree Maps: Cyrus' Invasion: Lecture Kay: Lecture Wayne: Medo-Persian Empire: Historical Background: Cyrus Family Tree Story: Cyrus Should Have Died Psalm Integrity in Midst of Lions: Significance of Cyrus to America 11 min Music Video: Are You Incorruptible?: War with the Saints Lecture Kay: The Eternal Kingdom Paper: The Spirit of Anti-Christ: The Conquerors History: Daniel 9 Family Tree: Medo-Persian Kings: Principles of Prayer: Do the Math!: Persevere to the End, Beloved Chart: Creation of Angels Chart: True Warfare Prayer Lecture Kay: There is War!
Family Tree: Mede- Persian Kings Map: Prophetic Word Made More Sure: Preparing My Heart for Judgment Chart: The Judge of Righteousness Reigns: Daniel 2: Daniel 1: God's Way Daniel 3: Daniel 6: Daniel 1 Daniel 2: The Life of Daniel Lecture Daniel 1: Lecture Only Daniel 1: Daniel 1 Taking A Stand Daniel 2: Introduction Daniel 1: Daniel and His Companions in Babylon Daniel 2: The Image of Gold Daniel 4: Belshazzar's Feast and the Fall of Babylon Daniel 6: The Great Tribulation and Israel's Deliverance.
The Epilogue. Daniel 5: Daniel 3: Daniel 7: Daniel 8: Daniel 9: How do we know the Tribulation will last seven years? Daniel Weighed and Found Wanting Daniel 6: A Man Greatly Beloved Daniel Antichrist or Christ?
What do you do with a future National Israel in the Bible? Salvation in The Tribulation Salvation in the Tribulation: Daniel 1 The Uncompromising Life Daniel 1: How Are the Mighty Fallen! Israel's Future--Part 1 Daniel 9: Israel's Future--Part 2 Daniel 9: Israel's Future--Part 3 Daniel 9: The Vision of Glory Daniel The Reign of Rebellion--Part 1 Daniel The Reign of Rebellion--Part 2 Daniel The Great Tribulation--Part 1 Daniel The Great Tribulation--Part 2 Daniel Millennium 1 - summary including overview of Rev Is There Life After Death?
Just Before Heaven: The Prophet Daniel: Refrain Dare to be a Daniel, Dare to stand alone! Dare to have a purpose firm! Dare to make it known. Refrain Hold the Gospel banner high! Refrain Daniel 2: Look For the Way-Marks Daniel 3: He is Able to Deliver Thee Daniel 5: Handwriting on the Wall Daniel 6: Ancient of Days Daniel I disagree with his interpretation - click here to see why Daniel 8: Daniel 1 Da 1: At this time Daniel would have been a teenager.
In that case, the conflict is only superficial. Most modern scholars, however, have concluded that Daniel is historically inaccurate here. The second one occurred in B. The third deportation occurred in B. Gen The probable etymologies are as follows: Dan 4: Daniel actually lived beyond the first year of Cyrus, as is clear from The purpose of the statement in 1: His life span also included the early years of the Persian control of Babylon.
Daniel 2 Da 2: Rather, this phrase is better understood as an editorial note cf. NAB marking the fact that from 2: Various views have been advanced to account for this change of language, most of which are unconvincing.
Most likely the change in language is a reflection of stages in the transmission history of the book of Daniel. By not divulging the dream itself to the would-be interpreters, he intends to find out whether they are simply leading him on. It is Daniel who came to him, and not the other way around.
The identification of the following three kingdoms is disputed. The common view is that they represent Media, Persia, and Greece.